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Canon:EOS 7D (Body) Specification

TypeDigital, single-lens reflex, AF / AE camera with built-in flash
Recording mediaCF Card Type I and II, UDMA-compliant CF cards, Recording to USB external media via Wireless File Transmitter (WFT-E5)
Image sensor size22.3 x 14.9mm
Compatible lensesCanon EF lenses (including EF-S lenses)
(35mm-equivalent focal length is approx. 1.6x the lens focal length)
Lens MountCanon EF mount
Image Sensor 
TypeHigh-sensitivity, high-resolution, large single-plate CMOS sensor
PixelsEffective pixels: Approx. 18.00 megapixels
Total pixels:Approx. 19.00 megapixels
Aspect ratio3:2 (Horizontal: Vertical)
Colour filter systemRGB primary colour filter
Low-pass filterFixed position in front of the CMOS sensor
Dust deletion feature1) Automatic sensor cleaning
2) Manual cleaning of sensor
3) Dust Delete Data appended to the captured image
Recording System 
Recording formatDesign rule for Camera File System 2.0 and Exif 2.21
Image typeJPEG, RAW (14-bit, Canon original), M RAW, S RAW, RAW + JPEG
File sizeLarge / Fine: 
Approx. 6.6MB (5184 x 3456 pixels)
Large / Normal:Approx. 3.3MB (5184 x 3456 pixels)
Medium / Fine:Approx. 3.5MB (3456 x 2304 pixels)
Medium / Normal:Approx. 1.8MB (3456 x 2304 pixels)
Small / Fine:Approx. 2.2MB (2592 x 1728 pixels)
Small / Normal:Approx. 1.1MB (2592 x 1728 pixels)
RAW:Approx. 25.1MB (5184 x 3456 pixels)
RAW + Large / Fine:Approx. 25.1 + 6.6MB (5184 x 3456 pixels)
M RAW:  Approx. 17.1MB (3888 x 2592 pixels) 
M RAW 1 + Large / Fine:  Approx. 17.1 + 6.6MB (3888 x 2592 pixels) 
S RAW:  Approx. 11.4MB (2592 x 1728 pixels) 
S RAW + Large / Fine:  Approx. 11.4 + 6.6MB (2592 x 1728 pixels) 
* Exact file sizes depend on the subject, ISO speed, Picture Style, etc.
Recording functionsWith the WFT-E5 attached, image recording to the CF card and to the USB external media connected to the WFT-E5 will be possible as follows:
(1) Standard
(2) Automatic switching of recording media
(3) Separate recordings according to image-recording quality
(4) Recording identical images to both recording media
Backup recordingEnabled with WFT-E5 attached
File numberingConsecutive numbering, auto reset, manual reset.
Possible to create new folders and select folders in the CF card to store captured images
RAW + JPEG simultaneous recordingProvided (S RAW + JPEG & M RAW + JPEG also possible)
Colour spacesRGB, Adobe RGB
Picture StyleStandard, Portrait, Landscape, Neutral, Faithful, Monochrome, User Def. 1-3
Image Processing 
TypeAuto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten Light, White Fluorescent Light, Flash, Custom, Colour Temperature setting
Auto white balanceAuto white balance with the image sensor
Colour temperature compensationWhite balance correction: ±9 stops in full-stop increments
White balance bracketing:±3 stops in full-stop increments
* Blue / amber direction or magenta / green direction possible
TypeEye-level pentaprism
CoverageVertical / Horizontal approx. 100%
MagnificationApprox. 1.0x (-1m-1 with 50mm lens at infinity)
EyepointApprox. 22mm (from eyepiece lens center)
Built-in dioptric adjustment-3.0 to +1.0m-1 (diopter)
Focusing screenFixed
MirrorQuick-return half mirror (transmission: reflectance ratio of 40:60, no mirror cut-off with EF600mm f/4L IS USM or shorter lenses)
Viewfinder informationAF information (AF points, focus confirmation light), Exposure information (shutter speed, aperture, ISO speed, AE lock, exposure level, spot metering circle, exposure warning), Flash information (flash ready, flash exposure compensation, High-speed sync, FE lock, Red-eye reduction light), Image information (Highlight tone priority, monochrome shooting, maximum burst, white balance correction, CF card information)
Depth-of-field previewEnabled with depth-of-field preview button
TypeTTL-CT-SIR AF-dedicated CMOS sensor
AF Points19 (Cross-type) f/2.8 at centre:Dual Cross Sensor
Metering rangeEV -0.5 – 18 (at 73°F / 23°C, ISO 100)
Focusing ModesAuto, One-Shot AF, Predictive AI Servo AF, AI Focus AF, Manual focusing (MF)
AF area and AF point selection:With a Custom Function, the AF area and manually-selectable AF point can be set separately for horizontal and vertical (camera grip at the top or bottom) shooting
AF point registration / switchingWith a Custom Function, you can register a manually-selected AF point separately for horizontal and vertical (camera grip at the top or bottom) shooting
* This function can be assigned to AF start button, or AE lock button by customizing camera controls / buttons (Custom Controls).
AF function registration/switchingWith a Custom Function, four types of AF function settings can be registered in a group: 1. AF area selection mode, 2. AI Servo tracking sensitivity, 3. AI Servo AF tracking method, and 4. AI Servo 1st / 2nd img priority
* This function can be assigned to the depth-of-field preview button or lens AF stop button by customizing camera controls/buttons (Custom Controls).
AF Point SelectionAutomatic selection, manual selection (single point AF, Spot AF, Zone AF, AF point expansion, Zone AF)
Selected AF point displayIndicated by transmissive LCD display in the viewfinder and on the LCD panel
AF-assist beamSmall series of flashes fired by built-in flash
Effective rangeApprox. 13.1ft. / 4.0m at center, approx. 11.5ft. / 3.5m at periphery
Exposure Control 
Metering Modes63-zone TTL full-aperture metering
- Evaluative metering (linkable to any AF point)
- Partial metering (approx. 9.4% of viewfinder at center)
- Spot metering (approx. 2.3% of viewfinder at center)
- Center-weighted average metering
Metering rangeEV 1 – 20 (at 73°F / 23°C with EF50mm f/1.4 USM lens, ISO 100)
Exposure controlProgram AE (Shiftable), Shutter-priority AE, Aperture-priority AE, Bulb, Creative Auto, Full auto, Manual exposure, E-TTL II autoflash program AE
ISO speedAutomatically set:ISO 100 – 6400
(in 1/3-stop or 1-stop increments)
Extension settable
(with C.Fn.I-3-1):
High Tone Priority settable:  ISO 200 – 6400 
Exposure compensationManual: ±5 stops in 1/3- or 1/2-stop increments
AEB:±3 stops
AE lockAuto: Applied in One-Shot AF mode with evaluative metering when focus is achieved
Manual:By AE lock button
TypeVertical-travel, mechanical, electronically-controlled, focal-plane shutter
Shutter Speeds1/8000 to 1/60sec., X-sync at 1/250sec. 1/8000 to 30secs., bulb (Total shutter speed range. Available range varies by shooting mode)
Shutter releaseSoft-touch electromagnetic release
Remote control Self-timer10secs. or 2secs. delay
Remote control with N3-type terminal
Built in Flash 
TypeRetractable, auto pop-up flash
Flash meteringE-TTL II autoflash
Guide No.12/39 (ISO 100, in meters/feet)
Recycle timeApprox. 3secs.
Flash-ready indicatorFlash-ready icon lights in viewfinder
Flash coverage15mm lens focal length
FE lockProvided
Flash exposure compensationUp to ±3 stops in 1/3- or 1/2-stop increments
Manual flashFlash output 1/1 to 1/128 settable in 1/3-stop increments
Multi-flashFlash output 1/4 to 1/128 settable in whole-stop increments
Firing frequency 1Hz - 199Hz
Integrated Speedlite Transmitter
(Wireless master unit function)
Possible with an EX-series Speedlite set as a slave unit
(External refers to the external flash and Built-in refers to the built-in flash)
(1) External flash control with auto flash metering
(2) External flash control with auto flash metering + Built-in flash control
(3) Manual flash output
External Speedlite 
Zooming to Match Lens Focal LengthProvided
Compatible flashEX-series Speedlites
Flash meteringE-TTL II autoflash
Flash exposure compensation±3 stops in 1/3- or 1/2-stop increments
FE lockProvided
External flash settingsFlash function settings, Flash C.Fn settings
Drive System 
Drive modesSingle, High-speed continuous, Low-speed continuous, and Self-timer (10secs. or 2secs. delay)
Continuous shooting speedHigh-speed:Max: 8 shots/sec 
Low-speed:Max: 3 shots/sec 
Max. burstJPEG (Large / Fine):approx. 94 (CF) / 126 (UDMA CF)
RAW:approx 15
RAW+JPEG (Large/Fine):approx. 6
* Based on Canon’s testing standards with a 2GB CF card, high-speed continuous shooting, ISO 100 and Standard Picture Style
* Varies depending on the subject, CF card brand, image-recording quality, ISO speed, drive mode, Picture Style, etc.
Tilt display 
On LCD monitorElectronic level indicates up to 360° roll and ±10° pitch in 1° increments
In viewfinderThe AF point display is used to indicate up to ±6° roll and ±4° pitch in 1° increments (During vertical shooting, up to ±4° roll and ±6° pitch)
Live View Functions 
Shooting modes1. Live View shooting
2. Remote Live View shooting
(with a personal computer installed with EOS Utility)
FocusingManual focus
Autofocus (Live View image interrupted for AF):Quick mode, Live mode, Live Face Detection mode
Metering modesEvaluative metering with the image sensor
Metering rangeEV 0 – 20 (at 73°F / 23°C with EF 50mm f/1.4 USM lens, ISO 100)
Magnified viewBy 5x or 10x at AF point
Grid displayProvided
Exposure simulationProvided
Silent shootingProvided (Mode 1 and 2)
Movie shooting 
Recording formatMOV
Movie recording sizeFull HD (1920 x 1080) 
HD (1280 x 720): Frame rate: 60fps, 50fps 
(640 x 480): Frame rate: 60fps, 50fps 
Audio recordingInternal monaural microphone or external stereo microphone via microphone jack provided
Exposure controlProgram AE and manual exposure
Still shootingPossible during movie shooting by pressing shutter button
LCD Monitor 
TypeTFT colour, liquid-crystal monitor
Monitor size3.0in.
DotsApprox. 920,000 (VGA)
CoverageApprox.100% (viewing angle: approx. 160°)
Brightness adjustmentAuto:Brightness adjusted automatically by light sensor
Manual:7 levels provided
Interface languages25
Image Playback 
Display FormatSingle image, Single image + Image-recording quality / shooting information, histogram, 4- or 9-image index, magnified view (approx.1.5x-10x), rotated image (auto / manual), image jump (by 10 / 100 images, index screen, by shooting date, by folder, movies, stills), slide show (all images / selected by date / folder, movies, stills)
Highlight warningProvided (Overexposed highlights blink)
Image Protection and Erase 
ProtectSingle images can be erase-protected or not
EraseSingle image, check-marked images or all images in the CF card can be erased (except protected images)
Direct Printing 
Compatible printersPictBridge-compatible printers
Printable imagesJPEG images compliant to Design rule for Camera File System (DPOF printing possible) and RAW / MRAW / SRAW images captured with the EOS 7D
Easy Printing featureProvided
DPOF: Digital Print Order Format 
DPOFVersion 1.1 compatible
Direct Image Transfer 
Compatible imagesJPEG and RAW images
Only JPEG images can be transferred as wallpaper on the personal computer screen
Custom FunctionsTotal 27
Camera user settingsRegister under Mode Dial’s C1, C2 and C3 positions
My Menu registrationProvided
Quick control functionThe following functions can be set:Shutter speed, aperture, ISO speed, exposure compensation, AEB, flash exposure compensation, AF point selection (including AF area selection modes), Picture Style, white balance, metering mode, Auto Lighting Optimizer, image-recording quality, AF mode, drive mode, and Custom Controls (camera controls / buttons customization)
USB terminalFor personal computer communication and direct printing (USB 2.0 Hi-Speed)
Video OUT terminal(1) Video OUT terminal: NTSC / PAL selectable
(2) HDMI mini OUT terminal
Extension system terminalFor connection to WFT-E5A
Power Source 
BatteryOne Battery Pack LP-E6
AC power can be supplied via optional AC Adapter Kit ACK-E6 (with optional Battery Grip BG-E7N or BGM-E6 attached, AA-size batteries can be used)
Number of shots
[Number of shots approx.]
Shooting Conditions
No Flash
50% Flash Use
Normal Shooting73°F / 23°C  
32°F / 0°C  
Live View Shooting73°F / 23°C  
32°F / 0°C  
Battery checkAutomatic. Displayed in 6 levels on LCD panel and in viewfinder. Battery information can be checked with the (battery info.) menuv
Power savingProvided. Power turns off after 1, 2, 4, 8, 15 or 30min.
Date / Time batteryOne CR1616 lithium-ion battery
Startup timeApprox. 0.1sec. (Based on CIPA testing standards)
Dimensions and Weight 
Dimensions (W x H x D)Approx. 5.8 x 4.3 x 2.9in. / 148.2 x 110.7 x 73.5mm
WeightApprox. 28.9oz. / 820g (body only)
Operating Environment 
Working temperature range32-104°F / 0-40°C
Working humidity range85% or less


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